- This station in Internet: Wikipedia, Wikimapia
- Opened: November 15, 1955
- Station depth: 60 (according to other sources - 40) meters
- Project title: Technological Institute
- Popular names: Technolozhka ("techno-spoon")
- Type of station: three - vaulted column
- Entrance to the station: the lobby is built into the building of the Saint-Petersburg Metro Administration
- Traffic: about 516 thousand people per month
The Technological Institute-1 station, also called the 1st hall of the Technological Institute station, is the largest station of the first stage of the Leningrad metro. Scope and spaciousness.
From this station, trains go south to the densely populated outskirts of the city and to the Baltic railway Station. Therefore, the transit flow here is very large. Interestingly, on 1st Red Line trains are longer by one car than by 2nd Blue Line, but run at a longer interval. Therefore, observing the dynamics of the transfer between both sides of this station is a very fascinating sight. Experienced passengers rush to run to the other side as soon as the doors begin to open, confidently dodging the same oncoming runners. At the same time on 1st Red Line there are two streams - in the first car to rush up to the trains at Baltiyskaya, and in the last car to rush to the minibuses at the stations Avtovo and Leninsky Prospect. Choosing the right car, you can quickly get rid of most of the fellow travelers and get to the end of the line with great comfort ;)
The station is built according to the classical column scheme, with a large central hall and two side halls. At the construction site in those days, they did not save money - everything was done conscientiously.
There are very beautiful lamps here, both in the central hall and in the side ones. Moreover, the general theme of the lamps directly echoes all other stations of the first stage of the Leningrad metro.
At the end of the long visual space are escalators to the surface. During one of the filming, there was just a repair, replacement of escalators, and the exit gate was closed. Now there are four escalators, a hermetic door - lifting type "toilet lid".
The other end of the hall is empty, like a drum. Along with capitalism, advertising appeared on this end. Where without it ;)
The theme of the station's design is scientists of pre-revolutionary Russia and the USSR. Bas-reliefs of scientists are placed on the columns of the central hall mixed with wreaths of palm and laurel branches.
Let's quickly list these figures, regardless of the exact order. Basically, you know them all well.
- Ivan Fedorov is one of the first Russian book printers.
- Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky is one of the creators of non-Euclidean geometry, now named after him.
- Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov - founder of the school of Russian military field surgery, surgeon and anatomist.
- Nikolay Nikolaevich Miklukho-Maklay is an ethnographer, anthropologist, biologist and traveler.
- Pavel Nikolaevich Yablochkov - military engineer, electrical engineer, inventor of the arc lamp.
- Alexander Stepanovich Popov is a physicist, inventor of radio and many technologies based on it (radiotelegraph, basics of radar and electronic warfare).
- Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov is a biologist, Nobel laureate in physiology and medicine.
- Kliment Arkadievich Timiryazev is a naturalist, a specialist in plant physiology.
- Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev - psychiatrist, neurologist, psychologist.
- Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin is a biologist and breeder.
- Alexander Petrovich Karpinsky - geologist, paleontologist and mining engineer.
- Ivan Petrovich Pavlov - physiologist, vivisector, creator of the science of higher nervous activity.
Let's digress a little. In the center of the hall there is an exit from the inter-station crossing Technological Institutes, inter-station crossing, which is also decorated with bas-reliefs. But with them, with these bas-reliefs, there are several funny moments at once.
Right above the transition, a lighted window sticks out directly into the Earth's firmament ;)
On the sides, as it should be - the faces of Lenin and Marx. The center place. But I don't know, ironically or by a special design of the architects, this place is the darkest in the central hall. Therefore, it's even normal to photograph these two bas-reliefs - it's a real problem.
And the second interesting point is that before the construction of the crossing, two more bas-reliefs, Stalin and Engels, were located directly opposite. But during the construction of the crossing, they were forced to remove them. For a long time they were considered lost, and only recently they appeared in the Metropolitan Museum.
By the way, there is a very beautiful floor opposite the stairs of the passage, and there were even benches around the corner.
Let's go back to the chain of reliefs.
- Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky is a philosopher and esotericist, considered the theoretical founder of cosmonautics (although he actually wrote about something completely different).
- Sergey Vasilievich Lebedev is a chemist, the founder of an industrial method for producing synthetic rubber.
- Nikolay Egorovich Zhukovsky is a mechanical scientist, the founder of hydro- and aerodynamics.
Separately, we note, of course, Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev, who scientifically proved the optimal strength of alcoholic beverages. My respects.
Next to him on the column is a memorial plaque about the victims of the terrorist attack in the subway tunnel on April 3, 2017. It was here that the train that was blown up in the tunnel stopped. Proxy war, it's like that.
Let's move on.
- Ivan Mikhailovich Sechenov - physiologist, teacher, creator of the first Russian physiological scientific school and the natural-scientific materialistic direction in psychology.
- Sofya Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya is a mathematician and mechanic, the world's first female professor of mathematics.
- Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky is a traveler, geographer and naturalist. He discovered horses named after himself, wild camels and a bunch of other living forms.
- Sergey Petrovich Botkin - therapist, pathologist, physiologist, created the doctrine of the body as a single whole, subject to the will.
- Ivan Petrovich Kulibin - mechanic-inventor, "Nizhny Novgorod Archimedes". His surname has become a household name in Russia.
- Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov - well, it's just our everything. The first major Russian scientist-naturalist, the founder of a number of scientific directions. Artist, historiographer, poet. The creator of the classic Russian Iambic tetrameter. There is simply not enough space to list his merits here. And despite all its ambiguity, it is certainly a world-class lump. Here were people in our time ©.
Let's look again along the entire central hall.
Let's evaluate the side halls of the station now.
As in the whole station, the walls here are decorated with light granite. In the track walls, you can see technological doors for cable maintenance.
As I already said on the page about Technological Institutes, inter-station crossing, the railings of the inter-station crossing were open earlier. It was possible to look from above at the platform, at the trains and evaluate the side hall lights up close.
I don't understand why it was necessary to close these railings. It's still impossible to fall under a train there.
But we have what we have. Now you can evaluate the lamps of the side hall only from below.
Here, at the ends of the side halls, there are various interesting equipment, including mobile communication antennas and numerous television surveillance systems.
In general, it is one of the most worthy stations of the first stage and definitely the most beautiful station on 2nd Blue Line.